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Geometric rigidity of constant heat flow. (arXiv:1709.03447v1 [math.DG])

Let $\Omega$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with smooth boundary and let $u_t$ be the solution of the heat equation on $\Omega$, having constant unit initial data $u_0=1$ and Dirichlet boundary conditions ($u_t=0$ on the boundary, at all times). If at every time $t$ the normal derivative of $u_t$ is a constant function on the boundary, we say that $\Omega$ has the {\it constant flow property}. This gives rise to an overdetermined parabolic problem, and our aim is to classify the manifolds having this property. In fact, if the metric is analytic, we prove that $\Omega$ has the constant flow property if and only if it is an {\it isoparametric tube}, that is, it is a solid tube of constant radius around a closed, smooth, minimal submanifold, with the additional property that all equidistants to the boundary (parallel hypersurfaces) are smooth and have constant mean curvature. Hence, the constant flow property can be viewed as an analytic counterpart to the isoparametric property. Finall查看全文

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