From Neumann to Steklov and beyond, via Robin: the Weinberger way. (arXiv:1810.07461v1 [math.SP])

The second eigenvalue of the Robin Laplacian is shown to be maximal for the ball among domains of fixed volume, for negative values of the Robin parameter $\alpha$ in the regime connecting the first nontrivial Neumann and Steklov eigenvalues, and even somewhat beyond the Steklov regime. The result is close to optimal, since the ball is not maximal when $\alpha$ is sufficiently large negative, and the problem admits no maximiser when $\alpha$ is positive. 查看全文>>