Generalized Derangements and Anagrams Without Fixed Letters. (arXiv:1810.07219v1 [math.CO])

In this paper we propose a combinatorial approach to generalized mathematical derangements and anagrams without fixed letters. In sections 1 and 2 we introduce the functions $P$ - the number of generalized derangements of a set, and $P'$ - the number of anagrams without fixed letters of a given word. The preliminary observations in these chapters provide the toolbox for developing two recursive algorithms in section 3 for computing $P$ and $P'$. The second algorithm leads to several different inequalities. They allow us to roughly estimate the values of $P$ and $P'$ and partially order them. The final section of this paper is dedicated to some number theoretical properties of $P'.$ The focus is on divisibility and the main technique is partitioning the anagrams into classes of equivalence in different ways. The article ends with a conjecture, which generalizes one of the theorems in the last chapter. 查看全文>>