Modeling Oral Multispecies Biofilm Recovery After Antibacterial Treatment. (arXiv:1810.08887v1 [q-bio.QM])

Recovery of multispecies oral biofilms is investigated following treatment by chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), iodine-potassium iodide (IPI) and Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) both experimentally and theoretically. Experimentally, biofilms taken from two donors were exposed to the three antibacterial solutions (irrigants) for 10 minutes, respectively. We observe that (a) live bacterial cell ratios decline for a week after the exposure and the trend reverses beyond a week; after fifteen weeks, live bacterial cell ratios in biofilms fully return to their pretreatment levels; (b) NaOCl is shown as the strongest antibacterial agent for the oral biofilms; (c) multispecies oral biofilms from different donors showed no difference in their susceptibility to all the bacterial solutions. Guided by the experiment, a mathematical model for biofilm dynamics is developed, accounting for multiple bacterial phenotypes, quorum sensing, and growth factor proteins, to describe the nonlinear time evolutionary 查看全文>>