Average degrees of edge-chromatic critical graphs. (arXiv:1708.01279v1 [math.CO])

Given a graph $G$, denote by $\Delta$, $\bar{d}$ and $\chi^\prime$ the maximum degree, the average degree and the chromatic index of $G$, respectively. A simple graph $G$ is called {\it edge-$\Delta$-critical} if $\chi^\prime(G)=\Delta+1$ and $\chi^\prime(H)\le\Delta$ for every proper subgraph $H$ of $G$. Vizing in 1968 conjectured that if $G$ is edge-$\Delta$-critical, then $\bar{d}\geq \Delta-1+ \frac{3}{n}$. We show that $$ \begin{displaystyle} \avd \ge \begin{cases} 0.69241\D-0.15658 \quad\,\: \mbox{ if } \Delta\geq 66, 0.69392\D-0.20642\quad\;\,\mbox{ if } \Delta=65, \mbox{ and } 0.68706\D+0.19815\quad\! \quad\mbox{if } 56\leq \Delta\leq64. \end{cases} \end{displaystyle} $$ This result improves the best known bound $\frac{2}{3}(\Delta +2)$ obtained by Woodall in 2007 for $\Delta \geq 56$. Additionally, Woodall constructed an infinite family of graphs showing his result cannot be improved by well-known Vizing's Adjacency Lemma and other known edge-coloring techniques. To over come 查看全文>>