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  • Grin, a strange new coin that runs on a technology called MimbleWimble, has captured the blockchain world’s imagination.

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  • We investigate the behavior of Boolean dimension with respect to components and blocks. To put our results in context, we note that for Dushnik-Miller dimension, we have that if $\dim(C)\le d$ for every component $C$ of a poset $P$, then $\dim(P)\le \max\{2,d\}$; also if $\dim(B)\le d$ for every block $B$ of a poset $P$, then $\dim(P)\le d+2$. By way of constrast, local dimension is well behaved with respect to components, but not for blocks: if $\text{ldim}(C)\le d$ for every component $C$ of a poset $P$, then $\text{ldim}(P)\le d+2$; however, for every $d\ge 4$, there exists a poset $P$ with $\text{ldim}(P)=d$ and $\dim(B)\le 3$ for every block $B$ of $P$. In this paper we show that Boolean dimension behaves like Dushnik-Miller dimension with respect to both components and blocks: if $\text{bdim}(C)\le d$ for every component $C$ of $P$, then $\text{bdim}(P)\le 2+d+4\cdot2^d$; also if $\text{bdim}(B)\le d$ for every block of $P$, then $\text{bdim}(P)\le 19+d+18\cdot 2^d$.

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  • We study stochastic differential equations (SDEs) of McKean-Vlasov type with distribution dependent drifts and driven by pure jump L\'{e}vy processes. We prove a uniform in time propagation of chaos result, providing quantitative bounds on convergence rate of interacting particle systems with L\'{e}vy noise to the corresponding McKean-Vlasov SDE. By applying techniques that combine couplings, appropriately constructed $L^1$-Wasserstein distances and Lyapunov functions, we show exponential convergence of solutions of such SDEs to their stationary distributions. Our methods allow us to obtain results that are novel even for a broad class of L\'{e}vy-driven SDEs with distribution independent coefficients.

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  • We present a framework for characterizing injectivity of classes of maps (on cosets of a linear subspace) by injectivity of classes of matrices. Using our formalism, we characterize injectivity of several classes of maps, including generalized monomial and monotonic (not necessarily continuous) maps. In fact, monotonic maps are special cases of {\em component-wise affine} maps. Further, we study compositions of maps with a matrix and other composed maps, in particular, rational functions. Our framework covers classical injectivity criteria based on mean value theorems for vector-valued maps and recent results obtained in the study of chemical reaction networks.

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  • Why researchers at the year’s biggest AI conference focused on how to keep human bias out of computer algorithms.

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  • Extending earlier work by Sommers and Tymoczko, in 2016 Abe, Barakat, Cuntz, Hoge, and Terao established that each arrangement of ideal type $\mathcal{A}_\mathcal{I}$ stemming from an ideal $\mathcal{I}$ in the set of positive roots of a reduced root system is free. Recently, R\"ohrle showed that a large class of the $\mathcal{A}_\mathcal{I}$ satisfy the stronger property of inductive freeness and conjectured that this property holds for all $\mathcal{A}_\mathcal{I}$. In this article, we confirm this conjecture.

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  • Kontsevich and Manin gave a formula for the number $N_e$ of rational plane curves of degree $e$ through $3e-1$ points in general position in the plane. When these $3e-1$ points have coordinates in the rational numbers, the corresponding set of $N_e$ rational curves has a natural Galois-module structure. We make some extremely preliminary investigations into this Galois module structure, and relate this to the deck transformations of the generic fibre of the product of the evaluation maps on the moduli space of maps. We then study the asymptotics of the number of rational points on hypersurfaces of low degree, and use this to generalise our results by replacing the projective plane by such a hypersurface.

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  • In this paper we improve upon in terms of S the best known effective upper bounds for the solutions of S-unit equations and decomposable form equations.

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  • Beijing has approved four new reactors after a two-year pause, according to Chinese media.

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  • We present, to the best of the authors' knowledge, all known results for the crossing numbers of specific graphs and graph families. The results are separated into various categories; specifically, results for general graph families, results for graphs arising from various graph products, and results for recursive graph constructions.

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  • For a low-mobile Poisson bipolar network and under line-of-sight/non-line-of-sight (LOS/NLOS) path-loss model, we study repetitive retransmissions (RR) and blocked incremental redundancy (B-IR). We consider spatially-coded multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) zero-forcing beamforming (ZFBF) multiplexing system, whereby the packet success reception is determined based on the aggregate data rate across spatial dimensions of the MIMO system. Characterization of retransmission performance in this low-mobile configuration is practically important, but inherently complex due to a substantial rate correlation across retransmissions and intractability of evaluating the probability density function (pdf) of aggregate data rate. Adopting tools of stochastic geometry, we firstly characterize the rate correlation coefficient (RCC) for both schemes. Our results show that, compared to RR scheme, B-IR scheme has higher RCC while its coverage probability is substantially larger. We demonstrate that t

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  • Detecting the components common or correlated across multiple data sets is challenging due to a large number of possible correlation structures among the components. Even more challenging is to determine the precise structure of these correlations. Traditional work has focused on determining only the model order, i.e., the dimension of the correlated subspace, a number that depends on how the model-order problem is defined. Moreover, identifying the model order is often not enough to understand the relationship among the components in different data sets. We aim at solving the complete modelselection problem, i.e., determining which components are correlated across which data sets. We prove that the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the normalized covariance matrix of the composite data vector, under certain conditions, completely characterize the underlying correlation structure. We use these results to solve the model-selection problem by employing bootstrap-based hypothesis testing.

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  • This paper studies curves on quartic K3 surfaces, or more generally K3 surfaces which are complete intersection in weighted projective spaces. A folklore conjecture concerning rational curves on K3 surfaces states that all K3 surfaces contain infinite number of irreducible rational curves. It is known that all K3 surfaces, except those contained in the countable union of hypersurfaces in the moduli space of K3 surfaces satisfy this property. In this paper we present a new approach for constructing curves on varieties which admit nice degenerations. We apply this technique to the above problem and prove that there is a Zariski open dense subset in the moduli space of quartic K3 surfaces whose members satisfy the conjecture. Various other curves of positive genus can be also constructed.

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  • We consider sentence-definable and diagram-definable subfamilies of given families of theories, calculi for these subfamilies, as well dynamics and characteristics of these subfamilies with respect to rank and degree.

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  • This is a survey of approximate cloaking using transformation optics for acoustic and electromagnetic waves.

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  • We initiate the study of Boolean function analysis on high-dimensional expanders. We give a random-walk based definition of high dimensional expansion, which coincides with the earlier definition in terms of two-sided link expanders. Using this definition, we describe an analogue of the Fourier expansion and the Fourier levels of the Boolean hypercube for simplicial complexes. Our analogue is a decomposition into approximate eigenspaces of random walks associated with the simplicial complexes. We then use this decomposition to extend the Friedgut-Kalai-Naor theorem to high-dimensional expanders. Our results demonstrate that a high-dimensional expander can sometimes serve as a sparse model for the Boolean slice or hypercube, and quite possibly additional results from Boolean function analysis can be carried over to this sparse model. Therefore, this model can be viewed as a derandomization of the Boolean slice, containing only $|X(k-1)|=O(n)$ points in contrast to $\binom{n}{k}$ points

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  • In this note we review recent progress in the problem of mixing for a nonlinear PDE of parabolic type, perturbed by a bounded random force.

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  • Given two $\left( n+1\right) \times\left( n+1\right)$-matrices $A$ and $B$ over a commutative ring, and some $k\in\left\{ 0,1,\ldots,n\right\}$, we consider the $\dbinom{n}{k}\times\dbinom{n}{k}$-matrix $W$ whose entries are $\left( k+1\right) \times\left( k+1\right)$-minors of $A$ multiplied by corresponding $\left( k+1\right) \times\left( k+1\right)$-minors of $B$. Here we require the minors to use the last row and the last column (which is why we obtain an $\dbinom{n}{k}\times\dbinom{n}{k}$-matrix, not a $\dbinom{n+1}{k+1}\times\dbinom{n+1}{k+1}$-matrix). We prove that the determinant $\det W$ is a multiple of $\det A$ if the $\left( n+1,n+1\right)$-th entry of $B$ is $0$. Furthermore, if the $\left( n+1,n+1\right)$-th entries of both $A$ and $B$ are $0$, then $\det W$ is a multiple of $\left( \det A\right) \left( \det B\right)$. This extends a previous result of Olver and the author ( arXiv:1802.02900 ).

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  • We consider a one-dimensional analogue of the three-dimensional Fokker-Planck equation for bosons. The latter is still only partially understood, and, in particular, the physically relevant question of whether this equation has solutions which form a Bose-Einstein condensate has remained unanswered. After a change of variables, we establish global-in-time existence and uniqueness for our 1D model (and generalisations thereof) using the concept of viscosity solutions. We show that such solutions enjoy good regularity properties, which guarantee that in the original variables blow-up can only occur at the origin and with a fixed spatial profile, up to leading order, following a power law linked to the steady states of the equation. This enables us to extend entropy methods beyond the first blow-up time. As a consequence, in the mass-supercritical case, solutions will blow up in $L^\infty$ in finite time and - understood in an extended, measure-valued sense - they will eventually have a c

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  • Using dual perturbation theory in a non-sun-reflexive context, we establish a correspondence between 1. a class of nonlinear abstract delay differential equations (DDEs) with unbounded linear part and an unknown taking values in an arbitrary Banach space and 2. a class of abstract weak* integral equations of convolution type involving the sun-star adjoint of a translation-like strongly continuous semigroup. For this purpose we also characterize the sun dual of the underlying state space. More generally we consider bounded linear perturbations of an arbitrary strongly continuous semigroup and we comment on some implications for the particular case of abstract DDEs.

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  • The presented splitting lemma extends the techniques of Gromov and Forstneri\v{c} to glue local sections of a given analytic sheaf, a key step in the proof of all Oka principles. The novelty on which the proof depends is a lifting lemma for transition maps of coherent sheaves, which yields a reduction of the proof to the work of Forstneri\v{c}. As applications we get shortcuts in the proofs of Forster and Ramspott's Oka principle for admissible pairs and of the interpolation property of sections of elliptic submersions, an extension of Gromov's results obtained by Forstneri\v{c} and Prezelj.

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  • Inspired by a PDE-ODE system of aggregation developed in the biomathematical literature, an interacting particle system representing aggregation at the level of individuals is investigated. It is proved that the empirical density of the individual converges to solution of the PDE-ODE system.

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  • Caching the content closer to the user equipments (UEs) in heterogenous cellular networks (HetNets) improves user-perceived Quality-of-Service (QoS) while lowering the operators backhaul usage/costs. Nevertheless, under the current networking strategy that promotes aggressive densification, it is unclear whether cache-enabled HetNets preserve the claimed cost-effectiveness and the potential benefits. This is due to 1) the collective cost of caching which may inevitably exceed the expensive cost of backhaul in a dense HetNet, and 2) the excessive interference which affects the signal reception irrespective of content placement. We analyze these significant, yet overlooked, issues, showing that while densification reduces backhaul load and increases spectral efficiency in cache-enabled dense networks, it simultaneously reduces cache-hit probability and increases the network cost. We then introduce a caching efficiency metric, area spectral efficiency per unit spent cost, and find it enou

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  • Let $K$ be a Henselian, non-trivially valued field with separated analytic structure. We prove the existence of definable retractions onto an arbitrary closed definable subset of $K^{n}$. Hence directly follow definable non-Archimedean versions of the extension theorems by Tietze--Urysohn and Dugundji. This generalizes our previous paper dealing with complete non-Archimedean fields with separated power series and remains true for Henselian valued fields with strictly convergent analytic structure, because every such a structure can be extended in a definitional way to a separated analytic structure. Our proof uses a variant of the one from that paper, based on canonical resolution of singularities, and a model-theoretic compactness argument.

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  • In this note, we extend work of Farkas and Rim\'anyi on applying quadric rank loci to finding divisors of small slope on the moduli space of curves by instead considering all divisorial conditions on the hypersurfaces of a fixed degree containing a projective curve. This gives rise to a large family of virtual divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}_g}$. We determine explicitly which of these divisors are candidate counterexamples to the Slope Conjecture. The potential counterexamples exist on $\overline{\mathcal{M}_g}$, where the set of possible values of $g\in \{1,\ldots,N\}$ has density $\Omega(\log(N)^{-0.087})$ for $N>>0$. Furthermore, no divisorial condition defined using hypersurfaces of degree greater than 2 give counterexamples to the Slope Conjecture, and every divisor in our family has slope at least $6+\frac{8}{g+1}$.

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  • We investigate the effect of surface tension on the linear Rayleigh--Taylor (RT) instability in stratified incompressible viscous fluids with or without (interface) surface tension. The existence of linear RT instability solutions with largest growth rate $\Lambda$ is proved under the instability condition (i.e., the surface tension coefficient $\vartheta$ is less than a threshold $\vartheta_{\mm{c}}$) by modified variational method of PDEs. Moreover we find a new upper bound for $\Lambda$. In particular, we observe from the upper bound that $\Lambda$ decreasingly converges to zero, as $\vartheta$ goes from zero to the threshold $\vartheta_{\mm{c}}$. The convergence behavior of $\Lambda$ mathematically verifies the classical RT instability experiment that the instability growth is limited by surface tension during the linear stage.

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  • Let $(\bf U, \bf U^\imath)$ be a quasi-split quantum symmetric pair of arbitrary Kac-Moody type, where "quasi-split" means the corresponding Satake diagram contains no black node. We give a presentation of the $\imath$quantum group $\bf U^\imath$ with explicit $\imath$Serre relations. The verification of new $\imath$Serre relations is reduced to some new q-binomial identities. Consequently, $\bf U^\imath$ is shown to admit a bar involution under suitable conditions on the parameters.

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  • Calabi observed that there is a natural correspondence between the solutions of the minimal surface equation in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with those of the maximal spacelike surface equation in $\mathbb{L}^3$. We are going to show how this correspondence can be extended to the family of $\varphi $-minimal graphs in $\mathbb{R}^3 $ when the function $\varphi$ is invariant under a two-parametric group of translations. We give also applications in the study and description of new examples.

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  • We prove that the KLR algebra associated with the cyclic quiver of length $e$ is a subquotient of the KLR algebra associated with the cyclic quiver of length $e+1$. We also give a geometric interpretation of this fact. This result has an important application in the theory of categorical representations. We prove that a category with an action of $\widetilde{\mathfrak{sl}}_{e+1}$ contains a subcategory with an action of $\widetilde{\mathfrak{sl}}_{e}$. We also give generalizations of these results to more general quivers and Lie types.

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  • Let $p$ be an odd prime with $p\equiv1\bmod 4$. Then for any odd power $q$ of $p$ and a positive integer $j$ we show that the groups $\text{Sp}_{p^j+1}(q),\text{PSp}_{p^j+1}(q)$, and their Sylow $p$-subgroups are non-$FSZ_{p^j}$.

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  • Let $W$ be a manifold with boundary $M$ given together with a conformal class $\bar C$ which restricts to a conformal class $C$ on $M$. Then the relative Yamabe constant $Y_{\bar C}(W,M;C)$ is well-defined. We study the short-time behavior of the relative Yamabe constant $Y_{[\bar g_t]}(W,M;C)$ under the Ricci flow $\bar g_t$ on $W$ with boundary conditions that mean curvature $H_{\bar g_t}\equiv 0$ and $\bar{g}_t|_M\in C = [\bar{g}_0]$. In particular, we show that if the initial metric $\bar{g}_0$ is a Yamabe metric, then, under some natural assumptions, $\left.\frac{d}{dt}\right|_{t=0}Y_{[\bar g_t]}(W,M;C)\geq 0$ and is equal to zero if and only the metric $\bar{g}_0$ is Einstein.

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  • Recently, in the paper \cite{CJKM1} we suggested the two conjectures about the diameter of io-decomposable Riordan graphs of the Bell type. In this paper, we give a counterexample for the first conjecture. Then we prove that the first conjecture is true for the graphs of some particular size and propose a new conjecture. Finally, we show that the second conjecture is true for some special io-decomposable Riordan graphs.

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  • We present an information theoretic proof of the nonsignalling multiprover parallel repetition theorem, a recent extension of its two-prover variant that underlies many hardness of approximation results. The original proofs used de Finetti type decomposition for strategies. We present a new proof that is based on a technique we introduced recently for proving strong converse results in multiuser information theory and entails a change of measure after replacing hard information constraints with soft ones.

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  • Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have recently found abundant applications in the public and civil domains. To ensure reliable control and navigation, connecting UAVs to controllers via existing cellular network infrastructure, i.e., ground base stations (GBSs), has been proposed as a promising solution. Nevertheless, it is highly challenging to characterize the communication performance of cellular-connected UAVs, due to their unique propagation conditions. This paper proposes a tractable framework for the coverage analysis of cellular-connected UAV networks, which consists of a new blockage model and an effective approach to handle general fading channels. In particular, a line-of-sight (LoS) ball model is proposed to capture the probabilistic propagation in UAV communication systems, and a tractable expression is derived for the Laplace transform of the aggregate interference with general Nakagami fading. This framework leads to a tractable expression for the coverage probability, wh

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  • Our aim is to study the existence and uniqueness of the $L^{p}$ - variational solution, with $p>1,$ of the following multivalued backward stochastic differential equation with $p$-integrable data: \[ \left\{ \begin{align*} &-dY_{t}+\partial_{y}\Psi\left( t,Y_{t}\right) dQ_{t} \ni H\left( t,Y_{t},Z_{t}\right) dQ_{t}-Z_{t}dB_{t},\;t\in\left[ 0,T\right] ,\\ &Y_{T} =\eta, \end{align*} \right. \] where $Q$ is a progresivelly measurable increasing continuous stochastic process and $\partial_{y}\Psi$ is the subdifferential of the convex lower semicontinuous function $y\mapsto\Psi(t,y)$. In the framework $p\geq2$ of Maticiuc, R\u{a}\c{s}canu from [Bernoulli, 2015], the strong solution found it there is the unique variational solution, via the uniqueness property proved in the present article.

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  • We consider the number of critical points of a stationary planar Gaussian field, restricted to a large domain, whose heights lie in a certain interval. Asymptotics for the mean of this quantity are simple to establish via the Kac-Rice formula, and recently Estrade and Fournier proved a second moment bound that is optimal in the case that the height interval does not depend on the size of the domain. Here we establish a bound that remains optimal in the more delicate case of height windows that are shrinking with the size of the domain.

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  • Presented is a method to compute certain classes of Hamilton-Jacobi equations that result from optimal control and trajectory generation problems with time delays. Many robotic control and trajectory problems have limited information of the operating environment a priori and must continually perform online trajectory optimization in real time after collecting measurements. The sensing and optimization can induce a significant time delay, and must be accounted for when computing the trajectory. This paper utilizes the generalized Hopf formula, which avoids the use of grids and numerical gradients that is typical of other methods for computing solutions to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, which suffer exponential dimensional scaling. We present as an example a robot that incrementally predicts a communication channel from measurements as it travels. As part of this example, we introduce a seemingly new generalization of a non-parametric formulation of robotic communication channel estimatio

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  • Let $\text{Mod}(S_g)$ be the mapping class group of the closed orientable surface $S_g$ of genus $g\geq 2$. In this paper, we derive necessary and sufficient conditions for two finite-order mapping classes to have commuting conjugates in $\text{Mod}(S_g)$. As an application of this result, we show that any finite-order mapping class, whose corresponding orbifold is not a sphere, has a conjugate that lifts under any finite-sheeted cover of $S_g$. Furthermore, we show that any torsion element in the centralizer of an irreducible finite order mapping class is of order at most $2$. We also obtain conditions for the primitivity of a finite-order mapping class. Finally, we describe a procedure for determining the explicit hyperbolic structures that realize two-generator finite abelian groups of $\text{Mod}(S_g)$ as isometry groups.

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  • We looked at a method for estimating the complexity measure of game tree size (the number of legal games). It seems effective for a number of children's games such as Tic-Tac-Toe, Connect Four and Othello.

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  • Derived equivalences of twisted K3 surfaces induce twisted Hodge isometries between them; that is, isomorphisms of their cohomologies which respect certain natural lattice structures and Hodge structures. We prove a criterion for when a given Hodge isometry arises in this way. In particular, we describe the image of the representation which associates to any autoequivalence of a twisted K3 surface its realization in cohomology: this image is a subgroup of index one or two in the group of all Hodge isometries of the twisted K3 surface. We show that both indices can occur.

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  • In this work we consider the following class of fractional $p\&q$ Laplacian problems \begin{equation*} (-\Delta)_{p}^{s}u+ (-\Delta)_{q}^{s}u + V(\varepsilon x) (|u|^{p-2}u + |u|^{q-2}u)= f(u) \mbox{ in } \mathbb{R}^{N}, \end{equation*} where $\varepsilon>0$ is a parameter, $s\in (0, 1)$, $1< p<q<\frac{N}{s}$, $(-\Delta)^{s}_{t}$, with $t\in \{p,q\}$, is the fractional $t$-Laplacian operator, $V:\mathbb{R}^{N}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous potential and $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a $\mathcal{C}^{1}$-function with subcritical growth. Applying minimax theorems and the Ljusternik-Schnirelmann theory, we investigate the existence, multiplicity and concentration of nontrivial solutions provided that $\varepsilon$ is sufficiently small.

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  • Apple has now shut down Google’s ability to distribute its internal iOS apps, following a similar shutdown that was issued to Facebook earlier this week. A person familiar with the situation tells The Verge that early versions of Google Maps, Hangouts, Gmail, and other pre-release beta apps have stopped working today, alongside employee-only apps like a Gbus app for transportation and Google’s internal cafe app. “We’re working with Apple to fix a temporary disruption to some of our corporate iOS apps, which we expect will be resolved soon,” says a Google spokesperson in a statement to The Verge. Apple has not yet commented on the situation. There are two sides to this story. One the one hand, I’m glad Apple is taking measures and revoking some of these companies’ developer rights. These kinds of privacy-invading apps are a terrible idea, even if people get paid for them, and no platform should allow them. On the other hand, though, I would much rather have such tactics be w

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  • Engineers from Johns Hopkins reinvent the humble stethoscope to save lives

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  • We show that if $M$ is a sub-Riemannian manifold and $N$ is a Carnot group such that the nilpotentization of $M$ at almost every point is isomorphic to $N$, then there are subsets of $N$ of positive measure that embed into $M$ by bilipschitz maps. Furthermore, $M$ is countably $N$--rectifiable, i.e., all of $M$ except for a null set can be covered by countably many such maps.

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  • Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is a linear dimensionality reduction technique for analyzing nonnegative data. A key aspect of NMF is the choice of the objective function that depends on the noise model (or statistics of the noise) assumed on the data. In many applications, the noise model is unknown and difficult to estimate. In this paper, we define a multi-objective NMF (MO-NMF) problem, where several objectives are combined within the same NMF model. We propose to use Lagrange duality to judiciously optimize for a set of weights to be used within the framework of the weighted-sum approach, that is, we minimize a single objective function which is a weighted sum of the all objective functions. We design a simple algorithm using multiplicative updates to minimize this weighted sum. We show how this can be used to find distributionally robust NMF (DR-NMF) solutions, that is, solutions that minimize the largest error among all objectives. We illustrate the effectiveness of this

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  • A nested Schur complement solver is proposed for iterative solution of linear systems arising in exponential and implicit time integration of the Maxwell equations with perfectly matched layer (PML) nonreflecting boundary conditions. These linear systems are the so-called double saddle point systems whose structure is handled by the Schur complement solver in a nested, two-level fashion. The solver is demonstrated to have a mesh-independent convergence at the outer level, whereas the inner level system is of elliptic type and thus can be treated efficiently by a variety of solvers.

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  • We introduce the $2$-nodal spherical deformation of certain singular fibers of genus $2$ fibrations, and use such deformations to construct various examples of simply connected minimal symplectic $4$-manifolds with small topology. More specifically, we construct new exotic minimal symplectic $4$-manifolds homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic to ${\mathbb{CP}}^{2}\#6({\overline{\mathbb{CP}}^{2}})$, ${\mathbb{CP}}^{2}\#7({\overline{\mathbb{CP}}^{2}})$, and $3{\mathbb{CP}}^{2}\#k({\overline{\mathbb{CP}}^{2}})$ for $k=16, 17, 18, 19$ using combinations of such deformations, symplectic blowups, and (generalized) rational blowdown surgery. We also discuss generalizing our constructions to higher genus fibrations using $g$-nodal spherical deformations of certain singular fibers of genus $g \geq 3$ fibrations.

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  • In this paper we study axially symmetric solutions of Allen-Cahn equation with finite Morse index. It is shown that there does not exist such a solution in dimensions between $4$ and $10$. In dimension $3$, we prove that these solutions have finitely many ends. Furthermore, the solution has exactly two ends if its Morse index equals $1$.

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  • We establish the rectifiability of measures satisfying a linear PDE constraint. The obtained rectifiability dimensions are optimal for many usual PDE operators, including all first-order systems and all second-order scalar operators. In particular, our general theorem provides a new proof of the rectifiability results for functions of bounded variations (BV) and functions of bounded deformation (BD). For divergence-free tensors we obtain refinements and new proofs of several known results on the rectifiability of varifolds and defect measures.

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  • Thomassen formulated the following conjecture: Every $3$-connected cubic graph has a red-blue vertex coloring such that the blue subgraph has maximum degree $1$ (that is, it consists of a matching and some isolated vertices) and the red subgraph has minimum degree at least $1$ and contains no $3$-edge path. We prove the conjecture for Generalized Petersen graphs. We indicate that a coloring with the same properties might exist for any subcubic graph. We confirm this statement for all subcubic trees.

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  • Cryptocurrency, biohacking, and the fantastic plan for transgenic humans.

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  • We recall some of the fundamental achievements of formal deformation quantization to argue that one of the most important remaining problems is the question of convergence. Here we discuss different approaches found in the literature so far. The recent developments of finding convergence conditions are then outlined in three basic examples: the Weyl star product for constant Poisson structures, the Gutt star product for linear Poisson structures, and the Wick type star product on the Poincar\'e disc.

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  • Industrial machines could be trained to be less clumsy if we gave them a sense of touch and a better sense of real-world physics.

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  • Defining a “data scientist” is tough; finding one to hire in today’s market can be even tougher. A certification program aims to help

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    Alpine Linux 3.9.0 Released

    01-31 LWN 1459

    Alpine Linux 3.9 has been released. This version features support for armv7, a switch from LibreSSL to OpenSSL, improved GRUB support, and more.

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  • To produce a field of 16 teslas for CERN’s Future Circular Collider, scientists must invent a new class of magnets

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  • Fast and efficient, drones are a versatile new tool against invasive species

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  • How it works, why it’s so powerful, and where it’s likely to be most useful first

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  • Hundreds of IEEE members entered our contest. Here are the most memorable submissions

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    Explainer: What is a quantum computer?

    01-30 MIT Technology 1513

    How it works, why it’s so powerful, and where it’s likely to be most useful first

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  • Great reporting by TechCrunch’s Josh Constine: Desperate for data on its competitors, Facebook has been secretly paying people to install a “Facebook Research” VPN that lets the company suck in all of a user’s phone and web activity, similar to Facebook’s Onavo Protect app that Apple banned in June and that was removed in August. Facebook sidesteps the App Store and rewards teenagers and adults to download the Research app and give it root access in what may be a violation of Apple policy so the social network can decrypt and analyze their phone activity, a TechCrunch investigation confirms. Facebook admitted to TechCrunch it was running the Research program to gather data on usage habits, and it has no plans to stop. Since 2016, Facebook has been paying users ages 13 to 35 up to $20 per month plus referral fees to sell their privacy by installing the iOS or Android “Facebook Research” app. Facebook even asked users to screenshot their Amazon order history page. The program is ad

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    Firefox 65.0 released

    01-30 LWN 1553

    Firefox 65.0 is out. The release notes list a few new features, including: "Enhanced tracking protection: Simplified content blocking settings give users standard, strict, and custom options to control online trackers. A redesigned content blocking section in the site information panel (viewed by expanding the small “i” icon in the address bar) shows what Firefox detects and blocks on each website you visit."

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  • Industrial machines could be trained to be less clumsy if we gave them a sense of touch and a better sense of real-world physics.

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  • Yesterday, a worrying and invasive bug that allowed callers to secretly listen in on unknowing recipients through Apple’s FaceTime app quickly made news headlines. It was discovered that people could initiate a FaceTime call and, with a couple short steps, tap into the microphone on the other end as the call rang — without the other person accepting the FaceTime request. Apple said last night that an iOS update to eliminate the privacy bug is coming this week; in the meantime, the company took the step of disabling group FaceTime at the server level as an immediate emergency fix. However, new information suggests that Apple has already had several days to respond; the company was tipped off about it last week. Back on January 20th, a Twitter user tweeted at Apple’s support account clearly outlining the gist of the FaceTime bug: “My teen found a major security flaw in Apple’s new iOS. He can listen in to your iPhone/iPad without your approval.” The parent’s teenager had discovered the p

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  • How it works, why it’s so powerful, and where it’s likely to be most useful first

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  • Carolyn Kormann writes about whether a controversial young entrepreneur can rid the ocean of plastic trash.

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  • An anonymous reader shares a report: It seems the stuff of fantasy. Giant ships sail the seas burning fuel that has been extracted from water using energy provided by the winds, waves and tides. A dramatic but implausible notion, surely. Yet this grand green vision could soon be realised thanks to a remarkable technological transformation that is now under way in Orkney. Perched 10 miles beyond the northern edge of the British mainland, this archipelago of around 20 populated islands -- as well as a smattering of uninhabited reefs and islets -- has become the centre of a revolution in the way electricity is generated. Orkney was once utterly dependent on power that was produced by burning coal and gas on the Scottish mainland and then transmitted through an undersea cable. Today the islands are so festooned with wind turbines, they cannot find enough uses for the emission-free power they create on their own. Community-owned wind turbines generate power for local villages; islanders d

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    Cover Story: John Cuneo’s “Walled In”

    01-18 THE NEW YORKER 2031

    Françoise Mouly on John Cuneo’s cover for the January 28, 2019, issue of The New Yorker, which depicts the government shutdown over President Trump’s demand for border-wall funding.

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  • Count the people around you by monitoring wifi signals

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  • Passerine's fixed-wing drones can take off (and land) using a pair of legs

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  • China may be slowing iPhone sales worldwide, but Chinese people are driving Apple's App Store business. From a report: China accounted for nearly 50 percent of all app downloads in 2018, pushing the global downloads count to reach a record 194 billion, according to research firm App Annie. China, which is the world's largest smartphone market, also accounted for nearly 40 percent of worldwide consumer spend in apps in 2018, App Annie said in its yearly "State of Mobile" report. (Note: Google Play Store is not available in China.) Global consumer spend in apps reached $101 billion last year, up 75 percent since 2016. And 74 percent of all money spent on apps last year came from games. The battle between Silicon Valley companies and Chinese tech giants generated more than half of total consumer spend in the top 300 parent companies in 2018, the report said. The top company for global consumer spend was China's Tencent, which owns stake in several startups, companies, and games -- includi

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  • A federal appeals court denied the FCC's request to postpone oral arguments in a court battle over the agency's decision to repeal its net neutrality rules. The FCC had asked for the hearing to be postponed since the commission's workforce has largely been furloughed due to the partial government shutdown. The hearing remains set for February 1. The Hill reports: After the FCC repealed the rules requiring internet service providers to treat all web traffic equally in December of 2017, a coalition of consumer groups and state attorneys general sued to reverse the move, arguing that the agency failed to justify it. The FCC asked the three-judge panel from the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals to delay oral arguments out of "an abundance of caution" due to its lapse of funding. Net neutrality groups opposed the motion, arguing that there is an urgent need to settle the legal questions surrounding the FCC's order.

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    Developers Are Not Idiots

    01-18 Hacker News 2151

    Developers Are Not Idiots

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    Dbeaver – Multi-platform database tool

    01-18 Hacker News 2144

    Dbeaver – Multi-platform database tool

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  • Plus deals on Assassin's Creed Odyssey, 4K Roku TVs, USB-C cables, and more.

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  • Discover a select set of case studies showing how researchers and industrial partners are revolutionizing transportation.

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  • Total donations now amount to over $300,000 over 12 years.

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    Coinbase Acqui-Hires Blockspring

    01-18 TechCrunch 2114

    Coinbase Acqui-Hires Blockspring

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    Computer for the 21st Century (1991) [pdf]

    01-18 Hacker News 2131

    Computer for the 21st Century (1991) [pdf]

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  • Health officials went to community doctors and rabbis to thwart disease spread.

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