Dualities in the $q$-Askey scheme and degenerated DAHA. (arXiv:1803.02775v1 [math.CA])

The Askey-Wilson polynomials are a four-parameter family of orthogonal symmetric Laurent polynomials $R_n[z]$ which are eigenfunctions of a second-order $q$-difference operator $L$, and of a second-order difference operator in the variable $n$ with eigenvalue $z + z^{-1}=2x$. Then $L$ and multiplication by $z+z^{-1}$ generate the Askey-Wilson (Zhedanov) algebra. A nice property of the Askey-Wilson polynomials is that the variables $z$ and $n$ occur in the explicit expression in a similar and to some extent exchangeable way. This property is called duality. It returns in the non-symmetric case and in the underlying algebraic structures: the Askey-Wilson algebra and the double affine Hecke algebra (DAHA). In this paper we follow the degeneration of the Askey-Wilson polynomials until two arrows down and in four diferent situations: for the orthogonal polynomials themselves, for the degenerate Askey-Wilson algebras, for the non-symmetric polynomials and for the (degenerate) DAHA and its re 查看全文>>